American Renewal And Model Cities Programs Essay

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The role the federal government played in fostering participatory politics at the local level initiated when federal funds were given to city governments in Chicago as to “encourage citizen participation by establishing advisory councils, by holding public hearings on city programs, budgets, and legislation, and by asking for neighborhood input in physical planning” (Gentile & Simpson, 353). It is explained that the empowerment of people in participatory politics occurred through the implementation of the Community Action Programs (CAPs) during the War on Poverty that demanded citizens to participate and engage in politics; however, the initiative was overshadowed by the implementation of the Urban Renewal and Model Cities programs. Both initiatives were to serve as a vehicle for national government to directly connect with citizens through community actions programs, but they made it harder for people to execute their participation. Thus, “programs like Urban Renewal, Community Action, and Model Cities gave way in 1974 to more manageable and restrained community action” (354). This had a major impact on the decision-making for participatory politics as Congress jumped in and puts aside the funds given for planning to programs where there was by no means money included for real citizen participation. Chicagoans saw more restrictions and new requirements to participate in politics. In addition, tangible outcomes were not been seen as citizens were not being included in…

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