Like a moth to a flame, the United States has always been attracted to international affairs. In this particular case communism in Vietnam was the flame that leered American bugs in, not knowing that they would be brutally burned by communism in the end. From 1953 to 1961, all the initial decisions involving Vietnam were made by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who once served as the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe as well as the first Supreme Commander of NATO. Thus, Eisenhower was very knowledgeable about war issues and was prepared to tackle pending conflicts and avert the dispersal of communism when he came into office. Communism was an immense fear of this great patriot, who witnessed to the “Red Scare” during the
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and to their controlled land of the Philippines. In response to the inevitable war against communism, Eisenhower proposed two options to Vietnam. The first was simply to give in and allow communism to prevail, or to begin to make “private investments from the outside and government loans… from other and more fortunately situated nations” (Eisenhower, Security). Vietnam longed for nothing more than its independence, and recognized that economic support was needed from other countries in order to be liberated. Vietnam’s only choice was to befriend the U.S. for financial support, and the U.S. believed they could only benefit from accepting Vietnam’s request. America’s intervention would have economic benefits for both countries, for even while reimbursing its debt to the U.S., Vietnam's economy would become more stable. With a stronger economy, the idea of communism would be less appealing and Vietnam would no longer be vulnerable to the fearful foreign ideal.
Eisenhower’s advisors believed that intervention in South Vietnam was essential in containing communism in North Vietnam. When the French abandoned Vietnam, the U.S. felt the need to step in and help defend the Vietnamese citizens from Communist influence. Vice President Richard Nixon stated that “the Vietnamese lack[ed] the ability to conduct a war by themselves or govern themselves” (Nixon, 54). Nixon believed that in order to maintain Vietnam’s stability during the independence movement, the U.S.