America, And Different Characteristics Of Modernism In America

1537 Words 7 Pages
The term "Modernism" refers to activities and creations of those who felt the traditional forms were becoming ill-fitted to their tasks and outdated in the new economic, social, and political environment of an emerging fully industrialized world. Modernists often use ideas and methods which are very different from those used in the past. The following essay includes a total of 6 readings which can be summarized into 3 categories: Modernism in European countries, Modernism in Soviet Russia and China, and, Art Deco. Apart from the summary of the readings, the essay also covered the similarities of modern architecture in America influencing the modernism trend around the globe and different purposes of modernism presented in the readings. …show more content…
While Le Corbusier, the famous American architect was obviously one of the pioneers of this movement. This phenomenon can be seen particularly in reading 2,3,5 and 6. In reading 2, the author first mentioned how China was used to be a country that stayed with traditional visions and believed modernism was all about traditionalism and nationalism only. However, the Yung Wing Mission started in 1850 has set a pathway for the Chinese to go to America for further studies. Although the mission was canceled in a glimpse, it was considered as the beginning of the Chinese Revivalism, a phenomenon were Chinese architects were convinced of Western Classicism. Examples like the Wing On and Sincere Building in the Hong Kong and the formation of architecture firms were also evidence that the Chinese began to adapt to the Western architecture style. Similarly, the technical competence of the American architects mentioned in Reading 5 also took part in influencing the movement around the globe. For instance, the Gianicolo built by McKim, Mead & White in Rome in 1913 has shown the precise detailing that the Americans were chasing for, in which inspired the modern work of the Italians in the interwar period. Furthermore, reading 3 and 6 also shown a strong emphasis on the impact of Le Corbusier to this global movement. Le Corbusier has always believed that future development should rely on a combination of modern and traditional technique such as the combination of an archaic material with modern technique of steel wire suspension. Junzo Sakakura, as an apprentice of his and one of the leading representatives of the Japanese Modern Movement from 1920 to 1937 had followed the similar practice. In addition, the Metropolis plan put forward by Le Corbusier had substantially influenced modernism in the interwar period. It was Le

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