Essay on America’s Role in the Cold War

901 Words Feb 25th, 2012 4 Pages
America’s role in the Cold War

After World War II, the United States had effectively become the most powerful and influential country in the world both militarily and politically. During America’s rise to power, however, hostilities mounted between America and the Soviet Union, resulting in a fierce rivalry. The Cold War, which never involved direct military confrontations between the two nations, involved of the struggle to contain the spread of communism, extreme anti-communist attitudes in America, and a reemergence of the civil rights issue. During the war against Germany, America tended to neglect the military desires of the Soviet Union. Roosevelt hesitated to open a second front against the Nazis and this hesitation saved many
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Once the war was over, people began focusing once again on civil rights. After the landmark Supreme Court case, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, President Truman was the first president to use National Guard troops to enforce black civil rights when they escorted a black student to school. This case overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson case that had upheld the doctrine of “separate but equal.” Inspired by this victory, black activists organized protests such as the Montgomery Bus boycott and Martin Luther King Jr. became a powerful figure of the movement. The Cold War impacted many aspects of American life, from expanding the power of the executive branch to leading to the proliferation of nuclear weapons. During the arms race, the United States extended and improved its nuclear arsenal; doing this required extensive testing on American land. This testing and the overall emphasis on nuclear arms caused many Americans to suffer from radiation poisoning and created a general fear that at any given point in time, nuclear bomb could be dropped on their homes. Throughout this time, millions of bomb shelters were built and public service announcements detailing safety measures during an attack were broadcasted. No other war in the history of the world has ever been quite like the Cold War. While there were never any direct confrontations between the two parties, the United States and the Soviet Union, both

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