Amartea Sen’s Theory Essay

902 Words Jun 15th, 2012 4 Pages
Amartea Sen’s theory of welfare and its application to Kenya’s attainment of millennium development goals
Amartea Sen is an Indian economists credited for the development of welfare theory in economics. He established various guidelines to act as a benchmark for the realization of better welfare in the society, which he termed as the main aim of development in the country. He believed that freedom rather than the functioning’s themselves, is the primary goal of development in any country. Through this, Sen is able to make the conclusion that the person’s standards of living should not only focus on the goods, its characteristics or the utility it provides but the capability of the person. In his case, the capability refers to the freedom
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Therefore, the aims of the economy should be in the reduction of deprivations, which include hunger, famine, ignorance, unsustainable economic life, and unemployment, discrimination in society, violation of political freedom, threats to the environment and little access to clean water, health and sanitation. Freedom to trade, social opportunities, labor contracts and good security constitute components of development as well as a means to the attainment of individual freedom.
Application of Sen Welfare theory to Kenya
Millennium development goals in the country can be achieved through the following guidelines set by Sen in the welfare theory. The millennium development goals can be attained in the country if the pillars of freedom in the person’s welfare as stipulated in the sen’s welfare theory are done. This includes:
Ensuring better education- this can be achieved in the country of universal; primary education is provided to all the pupils in the country.; this will be in line with Sen’s theory of better education for the people as a way of improving welfare in the society.
Improve the availability of clean water, sanitation and health services to the people. This is through ensuring the presence of purified water and increase in sanitation and health services provided to the people. The proximity to health service offered should also be increased in the aim to achieve millennium development goals in Kenya.

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