Alzheimer´s Disease: The Stages And Treatment Of Alzheimer's Disease

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This paper is going to be about Alzheimer’s disease, the stages of the disease, the medications that are prescribed to help with cognitive impairment from the disease, as well as what researchers have found as a possible cure for Alzheimer 's. Alzheimer’s disease is classified in the DSM-V as a neurocognitive disorder. Neurocognitive disorders (NCD) are “those in which impaired cognition has not been present at birth or very early life, and thus represents a decline from a previously attained level of functioning” (American Psychiatric Association). Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive degenerative disorder, characterized by memory loss, confusion, and a variety of cognitive disabilities (Khachaturian, 1097). One in every nine Americans will …show more content…
The early stage of Alzheimer’s disease is a stage that can be commonly mistaken as a normal part of the aging process. As time progresses so does the disease. It starts off in the mild stage, which is when a person may have difficulty recalling information that was freshly presented to them such as a name, or a phone number. In this stage, people will also misplace common items that they need for daily life such as their keys, or forget where something belongs in their house. The middle stage is when a person has moderate Alzheimer’s and is often the longest stage of the disease. In this stage, a person has increased levels of confusion on what day it is, where they are, what they are doing, who people are, etc. There is also a likelihood that the senior diagnosed with Alzheimer 's may wander and get lost during this stage. The last stage is the most severe level of the Alzheimer’s disease. Once the disease progresses to this stage a person will have difficulty carrying on any sort of conversation, and will need help with everything that they do in their daily life. At this stage a person diagnosed with Alzheimer 's will need help walking, sitting, standing, laying down, eating, etc. The disease will have deteriorated their brain to the point where they will not know how to function or do anything without extra assistance. Their immune system is also …show more content…
There are two main types of medication that can be prescribed to treat the cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Each medication type has different characteristics, but they all have the same common goal of reducing the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. The medications that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Alzheimer patients are cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine. Cholinesterase inhibitors prevent the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is the neurotransmitter associated with memory and thinking, and delay the worsening of symptoms for 6 to 12 months. This type of medication is usually prescribed to patient’s in the early to moderate stages of the disease. The most common medications prescribed are Aricept, Exelon, and Razadyne. Although Exelon and Razadyne are both approved to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer’s, Aricept is approved to treat all stages of Alzheimer’s. (Alzheimer’s Association, 2016). Memantine is the other type of prescribed medication that is used to help with Alzheimer’s disease. Although cholinesterase inhibitors prevent the breaking down of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, memantine is prescribed to help improve memory, attention, language, and the ability to perform simple tasks. Memantine , also known as Namenda,

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