Alzheimer’s disease (AD), was discovered as senile form of dementia in early 1907 by Alois Alzheimer in 1907. Since then the disease has been researched and studied to generate a knowledge base of symptoms, etiology, pathogenesis, treatment and management of the disease. AD is differentiated from senile dementia due to the neurodegenerative process which involves deposits of protein known as amyloid in neurons and neurofibrillary tangles which form plaques. This formation of plaques leads to neuron death and the hardening of tissue leads to progressive and terminal neurological disease state. There has been no cure to Alzheimer’s disease to the complexity of disease and the lack of understanding of amyloid protein and its process. Mild cognitive deficits associated to senile dementia from aging and AD are the differentiating factors in the ability to distinguish and diagnose it. Presented in this paper are symptoms, progression of disease, treatments and procedures associated to AD.
• Progressive cognitive failure, resulting in inability to perform daily routine tasks i.e.: placing car or house keys in the refrigerator or dishwasher
• Inability to form or retrieve new and old memories i.e.: Forgetting names of family members or common objects
• Changes in personality i.e. loss of interests and hobbies, sleep for long durations.
• Inability to navigate most familiar environments i.e.: Get lost in familiar places, inability to get back to home.