Alma Ata Case Study
Promotion of breastfeeding and food supplementation
Immunizations and oral rehydration fluids (to treat childhood diarrhea)
Family planning and monitoring the growth of children
The Declaration of Alma Ata limited the provision of primary health care services to those provided by physicians.
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The vision of primary health care that includes a balance of “vertical” (selective) and “horizontal” (comprehensive) services
The vision of primary health care outlined at Alma Ata
The vision of selective primary health care that focuses on disease control through selective, vertical approaches
Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that the Alma Ata vision of primary health care failed to gain more traction in the 1980s and 1990s?
The “cold war” (between USSR and the United States) and the view in the US that the Alma Ata vision of primary health care was politically unacceptable
Structural adjustment programs that shifted government funding away from social services, including health
The oil crisis and the global economic turndown in the 1980s
The emergence of HIV/AIDS
Since the publication of the 2008 series in the journal The Lancet on Alma Ata, there has been a renewed awareness of the relevance of the Alma Ata vision of primary health care for today and tomorrow.
The Declaration of Alma Ata explicitly points to the global expenditures on armaments and military conflicts as an impediment to the achievement of Health for