Personality Similarities Between Adler And Eysenck

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Defining personality is challenging due to the various differentiated opinions that have been constructed over the years by many different personality psychologists (Mayer, 2005). An overall general assumption of personality is as follows: Personality is defined as the different characteristics each individual has which involves our emotional, motivational and cognitive aspects which influences how we think, feel and behave in order to understand the person as a whole and their individual differences in contrast with others (Schacter, Gilbert and Wegner, 2012). Individual personalities are fairly consistent, changing very little throughout a person’s lifetime and can be observed by similar behaviours being exerted under various situations over a prolonged period of time (Engler, 2009). Personality theories have been devised by psychological theorists using their particular ideas, background, values, own personality and experiences in order to offer a theoretical perspective to explain personality (Ryckman, 2013). Two personality theorists will be analysed; Alfred Adler’s individual psychology and Hans Eysenck’s Trait Theory. Their core concepts regarding behaviour and personality will be examined in relation …show more content…
This places emphasis on the social context having a substantial influence on our personality development whilst shaping who we become and the problems we may face in our life (Maltby, Day and Macaskill, 2010). To also understand the behaviours and experiences of each person, individuals must be interpreted as a whole. He also believed that our actions are guided by our attitudes (Friedman and Schustack, 2014). Adler proposed many concepts in his theory including: superiority feelings, striving for social interest, the creative self and the role of birth order. These will be discussed in reference to Paul to provide an interpretation of his

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