Alexander The Great Influence

Good Essays
The reign of Alexander the great would change the face of Europe and Asia forever. As crown Prince, he received the finest education in the Macedonian court under his celebrated tutor Aristotle. At the age of twenty, already a charismatic and decisive leader, Alexander quickly harnessed the Macedonian forces that his father’s reforms had made into the premier military power in the region.

Alexanders family background and upbringing played a very significant role in his rise to prominence. Along with the legacy of his father Philip, he inherited traits from both his father and mother Olympia’s. Alexander inherited a strong and powerful state, a highly trained and experienced army with excellent generals and overlords. Modern historian Bosworth
…show more content…
Philip had multiple wives. He had two sons with Cleopatra, these were not the only sons of Philip but they were legitimate. When Philip married Cleopatra, her child became the heir. Alexanders position was under threat. This nearly resulted in a feud between Alexander and his father which could have cost Alexander his kingship. Plutarch record that a feud between father and son erupted at Philips wedding with Cleopatra. What resulted was one of Alexanders most destructive massacres. 6000 Thebans were killed, 30000 taken prisoner; only 500 Macedonians lost. Furthermore, the victors did not hold back when the pillaging began. At the ensuing League meeting, the council voted to raze Thebes and sell the captured citizens as slaves. Though many representatives in the League was their own reason to hate Thebes, the destruction of the city still came as a shock to Greece, for Thebes had been one of the most historic and distinguished Greek city states. Though Alexander was successfully made an example of Thebes, he would never be forgiven for his lack of mercy on the …show more content…
The Theban army was slaughtered in battle, the city razed to the ground and 20,0000 people were sold into slavery. Some Macedonian sympathisers survived along with the poet Pindar’s descendants. Plutarch claims that Ale4xander regretted his actions. Never the less, his actions scared the other Greek states and out them under Alexanders submission. Only one attempt by Ages iii to overthrow the Macedonia occurred and was a failure. Alexander was now ready to invade Persia, but the southern Green allies failed to supply military aid to the campaign. Alexander decided to leave half of his army in Macedonia as a safeguard for his kingdom. A trusted family friend named Antipater would serve regent until Alexander

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Alexander The Great Thesis

    • 1320 Words
    • 6 Pages

    King Philip was a great king and conqueror, setting the stage for Alexander later on. King Philip trained a very strong army that could expand…

    • 1320 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It was to gain more support from the Far East and the sources of grain. As a result, Athens left thousands of its armed forces dead and weaken the state, and it defeat the battle about 40,000 armies, and 200 warships (Papakyriakou/Anagnostou, 2014). Last but not least, the Ionian or Decelean War in 414 B.C led Athens to surrender to Sparta, whose militants and navies were backed by the Persian Empire. Having attacked constantly by Sparta, Athens lost a large number of armies; its finance and food supplies…

    • 1443 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Alexander The Great DBQ

    • 403 Words
    • 2 Pages

    In addition to this, at the age of 20, Alexander's father passed away and the kingdom was passed down to him. In the background essay, it states “Alexander inherited his father's kingdom and set out with the army to conquer Persia” Consequently, Alexander took his leadership role and took action immediately to ensure success for both him and his kingdom. Leadership is undoubtedly one of the most important components in being a great leader, which is why Alexander is a great…

    • 403 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Alexander did not do anything right to improve his wrong. For example, in chrome-extension://gbkeegbaiigmenfmjfclcdgdpimamgkj/views/app.html it says. “Killed 6,000 Thebans, sold 20,000 into slavery, destroyed the entire city”. Alexander brutally ended all rebellion in Theban while unifying it. Also inhttps://www.reference.com/history/bad-things-alexander-great-did-dd29234e05d4f3d2 it states, “Alexander the Great committed numerous acts of violence and destruction as a military leader, including destroying the ancient city of Persepolis and knocking down prominent statues and religious figures.” During Alexander’s power trip he has caused a lot of…

    • 741 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In 356 B.C.E, a legendary conqueror and military leader were born. Alexander III of Macedon, although he is mostly referred to as Alexander the Great, was the son of King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympias. He grew up with the belief that he was the son of god and the descendant of many heroes, causing him to think he was very significant and better than others. By the time he passed away in 323 B.C.E, he fulfilled what he thought was his legacy, as he conquered many lands and was the emperor of the largest empire that extended from Balkans to modern day Pakistan. As we can see in Alexander the Great: Facts, Biography, and Accomplishments and Alexander the Not So Great: History Through Persian Eyes, Alexander had faults but was great…

    • 1193 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Alexander The Great Essay

    • 1323 Words
    • 6 Pages

    To accomplish this he ordered Macedonians to marry Persian princesses. Then he got rid of the Macedonians which made the Macedonians angry. In hope of pleasing the Macedonians, Alexander the Great killed thirteen Persian leaders. Alexander also tried to unite them at a Thanksgiving Feast in Susa but managed to make matters worse. He was 32 years old when he died, and his Kingdom stretched from the Mediterranean to the border of India with each conquered land in his Kingdom speaking Greek and practicing Greek culture.…

    • 1323 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Alexander The Great Dbq

    • 1155 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Alexander: Fulfilling his Prophecy One Victory at a Time From when Alexander the Great was 18 years old, to when he died, he made many advancements militarily, culturally and in religion when he was in power. Alexander the Great was truly “great” because he had a sense of urgency to spread values and culture. He was a very clever leader in military and outside of military. Using his intelligence, he established more colonies for growth of Ancient Greece. Alexander was also a strong leader because he fulfilled the prophecy of Plato’s philosopher-king attributing to his title.…

    • 1155 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Upon the death of Trajan his life and campaigns were honoured with this monument that demonstrated how the Romans honoured their leaders, idolizing them and creating their stories eternal in the culture. Trajan’s column sent the message that the Roman military was massive and powerful, and able to create legendary role-models. To become a Roman emperor was difficult for any man, considering they had to rise through the social hierarchy and become a successful consul in the first place. Although many Roman emperors were very successful, Trajan’s military experience and proven success in combat exalted his status in Roman history as the most successful military general to expand the Roman empire. The column honoured his life, and was also the place of his burial, showcasing the successful archetype of a Roman general towering over the Roman populous.…

    • 911 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Having multiple marriages for alliances and political power, Philip built and left an amazingly powerful kingdom that set up many of the awe inspiring feats that Alexander the great could not have pulled off on his own. Improvement with the weapons and formations of the soldiers developed throughout Philip’s life and the resources gained through his conquests made the Macedonian army easily the most fearsome of the time and many subtle actions allowed Philip to exert a control of his kingdom that most leaders weren’t able to, culminating in an incredible power in the ancient world with a nearly invincible army, a large source of income and a large region under one…

    • 882 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cyrus The Great Hyperbole

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages

    “Father” to the Iranians, and “Liberator” to the Babylonians, Cyrus earned every title he was given. A compassionate, but successful military leader, Cyrus taught tolerance for religious diversity through his actions as King, and immediately became one of the most influential people in world history. However, his…

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays