The Social Problem The social problem that was identified in the helping relationship is a return to alcohol use or relapse. The participant in the helping project admitted she had been in substance abuse treatment twice, but was unable to remain abstinent from alcohol use. This, according to her is a relapse, however, Miller (1996) identifies relapse as a return to alcohol and/or drug dependent behavior in a person who has previously achieved and maintained abstinence for a significant period of time beyond withdrawal. Unfortunately, the participant was unable to remain abstinent for any significant period of time, therefore does not meet the definition of relapse. Hence, we will discuss relapse, but the core social problem
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The Anti-Saloon League of America later joined the Temperance movement. This organization was not only concerned about alcohols effects on family and community, they were also concerned about public health. Temperance efforts had its share of opposition, mostly by local politicians and civil libertarians. There were also those who had a financial interest in the continued sale and consumption of alcohol, Murdach (2009). The finale of the temperance movement was the approval of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1919. This amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, transportation, importation, and exportation of alcoholic beverages within the United States. Prohibition took effect in January 1920. However, as the decade of the 1920s wore on, enforcement of prohibition became increasingly more difficult to enforce and eventually Prohibition ended (http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/alcohol.html).
Changes in the view of Alcoholism Society’s view of the alcoholism has undergone minimal changes, due primarily to the fact that today’s society does not understand nor accept the disease model of alcoholism. Paradoxically, most alcoholics do not accept the concept that they have a disease, Milam and Ketcham (1983). Prior to