Alcohol Addiction And Risk Factors Essays

1548 Words Dec 15th, 2015 null Page
Alcohol addiction and Risk Factors
Moderately consuming alcohol is not a danger to most adults. Nonetheless, nearly 18 million adults in the United States have an alcohol use disorder (Swendsen, Burstein, Case, Conway, Dierker, He, and Merikangas, 2012). The DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) criteria for the alcohol use disorder are a combination of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. The manual specifies this abuse of alcohol as mild, controlled, and with major subcategories. Alcohol addiction may alter a person’s social relationships, academic performance, and work. As a result, a revision and improvement of the DSM-IV in DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) took place to understand the addiction process, risk factors, and treatment options for alcohol use disorders.
The diagnostic threshold of the DSM-5 criteria of alcohol use disorder targets any individual who meets two of its 11 criteria in the course of a year. Swendsen et al. (2012) note the DSM-5’s accurate diagnosis of alcohol dependence through the detection of three or more of the following seven standards:
• Tolerance
• Withdrawal
• Consumption frequency
• Tenacious desire
• Indulgence in activities essential to acquiring and consuming alcohol
• A reduction in participation in vital social, professional, or recreational events
• Continued use irrespective of knowledge of its consequences (Swendsen et al., 2012).…

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