Albert Einstine Essay examples

7245 Words Dec 6th, 2014 29 Pages
"Einstein" redirects here. For other uses, see Albert Einstein (disambiguation) and Einstein (disambiguation).

Albert Einstein |
Albert Einstein in 1921 |
Born | 14 March 1879
Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg,German Empire |
Died | 18 April 1955 (aged 76)
Princeton, New Jersey, United States |
Residence | Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, United States |
Citizenship | * Kingdom of Württemberg (1879–1896) * Stateless (1896–1901) * Switzerland (1901–1955) * Austria–Hungary (1911–1912) * German Empire (1914–1918) * Weimar Republic (1919–1933) * United States (1940–1955) |
Fields | Physics |
Institutions | * Swiss Patent Office (Bern) * University of Zurich * Charles University in Prague * ETH
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He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).[2][3] He is best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation").[4] He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect".[5] The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory.
Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws ofclassical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on the general theory of relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe.[6]
He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and, being Jewish, did not go back to Germany, where he had…

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