Psychodynamic Theory: The Five Dimensions Of Personality

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The psychodynamic theory is based on Freud 's psychoanalytic theory, which focused on the role of the unconscious mind in as the primary contribution to the development of personality. Freud believed that the three components of personality were the id, ego, and superego. The id is the part of the the part of personality that follows the pleasure principle and contains all the basic biological drives, while the superego holds the conscience and follows the morality principle. The ego follows the reality principle and tries to fulfill the needs of the id more realistically. Freud also believed the concept of psychological defense mechanisms, which were methods of dealing with anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality. Freud saw the psychological …show more content…
These five traits are not interdependent and allow for us to test one aspect while not affecting another aspect at all. The advantage to this theory is that it allows us to test and assess one 's personality traits. It is also much more reliable because it has been studied and tested extensively. The disadvantages may include the five certain dimensions of personality and how this may not fully reflect one 's perception of their own personality. It is very constricted to the five dimensions and may not fully cover what one may believe to define their personality. It is also possible for self-bias to be involved in the assessment of one 's trait …show more content…
He believed that the three determining factors of personality were the environment, the behavior, and personal or cogntive factors. The three factors each affect the other two in a process he called reciprocal determinism. Another important part of Bandura 's social cognitive perspective was self-efficiacy. This was a person 's expectancy to be able to accomplish a goal in any particular circumstance. A person 's self-efficiacy can be altered by someone 's judgement or the person 's own assessment of their capabilities.The advantage of this theory is that it focuses on cognitive thought and self-control. It takes into factor both social and mental processes and their influence on behavior. The disadvantage of this theory is that it may not account for individual differences and other biological factors. The cognition of a person is completely different in every person and so, it is difficult to have a specific basis for this

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