Air Pollution: The Causes And Effects Of Air Pollution

1975 Words 8 Pages
Air pollution is the gathering of gases, dust, fumes, and other harmful particles in the air. These large amounts of particles can cause damage to plants and other forms of life, such as humans. The substances that cause pollution are called pollutants. The pollutants are then exposed to directly into the atmosphere. Examples of pollutants include carbon monoxide from car exhaust and sulfur dioxide from coal combustion (1) In regards to human health, air pollution is linked to cancer, heart disease, strokes, and respiratory illnesses (2).
There are five main air pollutants, each is created from different activities and each poses a problem to human health. The first is nitrogen dioxide. Nitrogen dioxide forms from motor vehicles and other
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The second pollutant is ozone. Ozone comes from exposure of nitrogen and hydrocarbons, which are emitted into the atmosphere during summer and the beginning of autumn when smog is in the air. Ozone effects human health by causing problems in the lungs and irritation of the eyes. Thirdly, carbon monoxide is created with vehicle exhaust along with burning coal, oil, and wood. If carbon monoxide enters the bloodstream, it can unbalance the body’s supply of oxygen, which can lead to long-term health problems. Lead exposure occurs from the burning of lead additive and lead smelting. Before, lead was emitted from car emissions, but this form is decreasing because of lead levels in leaded fuel reduction. Paint also has high levels of lead and if used in houses or buildings can cause exposure. Exposure of lead can cause learning …show more content…
Greenpeace is currently working on ways to reduce China’s need for coal, but until then, coal is still a huge resource used. Short-term solutions would require the governments to acknowledge the impact of air pollution on the public. If the government recognized that it affects public health and the economy, they could take action immediately. Replacing coal with clean renewable energy is one step closer to improving conditions. Other short-term actions that could be taken by the government to improve conditions would include making complete air quality information more accessible to the public, constrict the control of the power plants and how much they emit, switch to electric vehicles and create cleaner fuel standards, limit the construction of power plants and other energy-intensive industries near highly populated areas, improve urban planning to enhance green spaces, and lastly, take air quality into consideration when conducting environmental assessments for projects. An example of the last short-term solution would be building flyovers and highways away from areas that are highly populated. A more legal stance on short term solutions would include establishing legally binding and regional coordinated plans that include a timeline to help China reach the national air quality standards, limit regional coal consumption, increase pollution discharge and increase supervision, de-NOx retrofit for

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