Aids in Africa Essay 21

1138 Words Mar 11th, 2002 5 Pages
Africa's AIDS Epidemic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has become an epidemic for many underdeveloped regions. Although it does exist in the developed nations, it is more prevalent in places like South America, Asia, the island countries and most heavily of all Africa. There are many aspects to the problem of AIDS in Africa. Public health departments lack the resources to treat patients properly and to control the epidemic through education. Thirty-three million people have AIDS in the world. Africa has two-thirds of that number. According to the United Nations Aids Program on HIV/Aids, and World Health Organization (WHO), estimates, seven out of ten people newly infected with HIV in 1998 live in sub Saharan Africa. …show more content…
Zimbabwe was especially hit hard. There are twenty-five surveillance sites in the country where blood taken from pregnant women is tested anonymously as a way of tracking the HIV infection. The most recent data, from 1997, show that HIV prevalence was below ten percent in just two sites. In the remaining twenty-three sites between one fifth and one half of all pregnant women were found infected. At least one third of these women are likely to pass the infection to the their baby (Netscape: Human Health). This past year, a little over fifty percent of all new infections in the southern region of Africa occurred in the country of South Africa alone. South Africa is considered to have one of the fastest-growing HIV positive populations in the world. Health officials estimates that 1,500 South Africans are infected daily. AIDS is believed to have started in Africa as early as 1959. A stored sample of blood taken from an African in 1959 was tested in the 1980s and was found to be infected with AIDS (The World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia: "History of AIDS"). The most popular form of fighting the disease is not to get it in the first place. Officials are stressing prevention. Since AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease, using condoms is the number one prevention technique. Also intravenous drug users should not share needles and all blood used for transfusions must be tested. Organizations like Doctors Without Borders, United Nations

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