Agricultural Geography: An Important Roles In The Agricultural Revolution

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Agricultural geography is another subfield of geography that plays an important part in our world today and has been very important since it began during the first Agricultural Revolution. Agriculture is thought of as the production of food for human consumption and can be classified into four types of economic activity to focus on what is being produced. Primary economic activity involves extracting resources directly from nature through events like mining, hunting, fishing, farming, and forestry. Secondary economic activity is manufacturing; taking primary products and changing them to something else such as toys, cars, processed foods, and buildings. Tertiary economic activity are services performed by bankers, doctors, teachers, nurses, …show more content…
A series of innovations, improvements, and new techniques helped to trigger this second revolution. Advancements in breeding livestock warranted strong milk and beef producers, while machinery like railroads and internal combustion engines aided in the transportation of crops and goods. The spatial layout of agriculture played an important role in the success of agricultural production. In the 1800s, a man named Johann Heinrich von Thunen proposed a model that explained the location of agricultural activities in a commercial economy. Von Thunen’s model explained that they key influence on land was the cost of transporting goods. His model included a central city surrounded by an area of market gardening and dairying, then a forest, then beyond the forest was increasingly extensive field crops and grains, followed by the outermost area which included ranching and …show more content…
GMOs were created during this third revolution and are seen everywhere in grocery stores around the world. In fact, 60-70% of processed foods in U.S. grocery stores contain GMOs. The shift in agriculture from subsistence to commercial has led to many changes in regional and local family and community relationships. Agriculture shapes the cultural landscape across the world. The land surveying is used to define property lines and land ownership. The rectangular survey system is used west of the Appalachians and divides the land into rectangular parcels. East of the Appalachians, the metes-and-bounds survey system divides land by ownership and natural features, however this was abandoned because this was not a very precise system. As areas have taken on a different form, villages have formed because of farming and the providing of farming services. Villages can take on different forms as the global economy

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