Age Differences in Eyewitness Testimony Essay

8669 Words Jun 12th, 2012 35 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 10, No. 4, 1986 Age Differences in Eyewitness Testimony* Gail S. Goodmant and Rebecca S. Reed1: This study examined age differences in eyewitness testimony. Children, three and six years of age, and adults interacted with an unfamiliar man for 5 minutes. Four or five days later, the witnesses answered objective and suggestive questions, recalled what happened, and tried to identify the confederate from a target-present photo line-up. The adults and 6-year-olds

middle of document…

In an attempt to deal with the dilemmas posed by child witnesses, courts and legislatures have passed special laws governing children's testimony. While there is no minimum age below which a child cannot testify, many states maintain laws requiring competence examinations of children who are under a certain age, e.g., 10 years. These examinations, which date back to English common law (Rex v. Braddon and Speke, 1684; Rex v. Braiser, 1779), consist of an interview by the judge and/or attorneys in an attempt to determine the child's intelligence, memory, ability to distinguish truth from lies, and understanding of the necessity to speak the truth. The decision as to the child's competence falls under the judge's discretion. The current trend is to liberalize these restrictions. 1 The new Federal Rules of Evidence (Rule 601) eliminate the requirement for competence examinations of children in federal courts, and at least 13 states have followed suit (Bulkley, 1982; Melton, Bulkley, & Wulkan, 1983). Other states (e.g., Colorado) have eliminated the requirement only for certain crimes, notably sexual assault. A few jurisdictions now permit videotaped deposition in place of in-court testimony by children (Bulkley, 1982). The liberalization of these and other laws, such as hearsay exceptions (Bulkley, 1983), pave the way
CRAM Exclusive
Crow85714Shoe

Related Documents

  • The Reliability of Eyewitness Testimony Essay

    event, and adds it to his/her memory of the actual event. In eyewitness testimonies, individuals take in information between the time of the crime and the testimony, which can cause memory modification. The last stage in memory processing is the retrieval of information. Retrieval refers to the process by which people recall information that has been stored (Aronson et al., 2013). In this stage, problems can arise when an eyewitness is asked to pick the suspect out of a line-up. In some instances

    Words: 940 - Pages: 4
  • The Effects of Emotion on Children’s Eyewitness Testimony Essay

    evident that emotion plays a large role in children’s eyewitness testimony, and this has practical implications in the real world. In this paper, I will discuss the importance of emotion in eyewitness testimony, followed by the differences between children and adults in eyewitness testimony. Further, I will discuss how emotional focusing can be used during the questioning of children. Emotions play a significant role in eyewitness testimony, and are of interest to many psychologists. This is due

    Words: 1859 - Pages: 8
  • The Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony in the Criminal Justice System

    been given to wrongful convictions that have resulted from conflicting eyewitness identification, particularly in the United States, where DNA evidence has been used to prove innocence. Of these wrongful convictions, 75% resulted because of faulty eyewitness testimony (Nelson et al., 2011). An empirical study was conducted on simulated witnesses to ascertain the affect that post-identification feedback has on eyewitness testimony and the inaccuracies that can result from this kind of feedback. The

    Words: 1847 - Pages: 8
  • Age Differences In The Workplace Essay examples

    This may not be the issue at all. After learning about the different characteristics, you will have a better understanding. Characteristics of Different Age Groups • Traditionalists (Matures) – Born 1945 and prior Have worked longer than any other generation, experienced two world wars and the Great Depression, know how to live with limited means, loyal, hardworking, financially conservative, faithful to institutions, not very many still working, expect to receive raises and promotions

    Words: 858 - Pages: 4
  • Essay about The Cognitive Interview and Eyewitness Credibility

    Additionally, 94 percent of the statements from the interviews were corroborated with other witness testimony and forensic evidence, and there was no difference found in the corroboration rates of pre- and post-training interviews (Clifford and George, 1992). The cognitive interview did not increase the amount of incorrect information; conversely, neither did it decrease memory error and confabulations. Thus far, research concerning the cognitive interview as it pertains to the effectiveness of

    Words: 1532 - Pages: 7
  • Overlooking Personality and Age Differences in Max Apple's “Roommates”

    convincing his grandfather that this was his work at the time. Both characters are driven to accomplishment. The author, through his studies and his continuing effort to make a progress, and the grandfather through his work at the bakery until the age of 80, and later, until he died, through his everyday

    Words: 615 - Pages: 3
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Essay

    ways; The Age Discrimination in Employment Act is more lenient than Title VII regarding the latitude afforded employer’s reasons for adverse employment decisions (Alexander, Hartman 2001). The Age Discrimination in Employment act allows an employer to argue that a prima facie of age discrimination by identifying any factors other than age that has helped make the decision. The other difference is the Age Discrimination in Employment act only protects employees that are over 40 years of age from discrimination

    Words: 1351 - Pages: 6
  • Cultural Differences Essays

    In America there is more of a sarcastic abrupt tone to persons relating to... Below is a free essay on "Egt1 - Task 4 Cross Cultural Issues in Business" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Japan There are many advantages in a company seeking to expand into the Japanese Market, it is one of the world’s large economies.   There are also cross cultural issues in an American Company marketing to Japanese Society.   A company can very easily “make

    Words: 695 - Pages: 3
  • The Digital Media Age Essay

    on the idea of active participation of the public. “The freedom of assembly and association, freedom to express and publish their opinions- about matters of general interest.” (1974: 49) This essay explores the argument whether the concept of Habermas’s public sphere is relevant to the digital media age and it seeks to understand how the digital media acts as an instrument in implementing democracy, as democracy was the main aspect of the Habermas’s public sphere. It first understands what exactly

    Words: 1618 - Pages: 7
  • Lowering the Drinking Age Essay

    public. Drinking in public can be supervised by police guards. Deaths due to alcohol would be greatly lower if the drinking age is brought down to 18. A majority of alcohol related problems can be reduced with simply lowering the current drinking age. The final reason we should lower the drinking age is because as of the age of 18 you are legally considered an adult. At the age of 18 people can vote, serve in the military, get married, and be tried in court. If an 18 year old can decide who the leader

    Words: 819 - Pages: 4