African Art An Introduction Of African Sculpture Essay example

878 Words Nov 16th, 2016 4 Pages
African sculpture is most often figurative, representing the human form. It is primarily fashioned from wood. The African sculpture can be described as monumental, meaning that the figure or form is not separated from the wood in which it is carved, which gives is a feel of heavy permanence. These aspects are visible in the African sculpture, Figure of Bena, Mboi, Yunger people in Nigeria 14th-16th century, Nigeria, Eastern Gongola Valley, and Figure of the Jukan people 19th-early 20th century, Nigeria, possibly Taraba River Valley, possibly Wurbon Daudu. Both sculptures are used as a form of communication, exaggerate bodily characteristics, and are in the round sculptures. However, their physical features vary in form and shape, which ultimately gives them distinct characteristics. Understanding the purpose of a work of art and where it was derived from helps the viewer grasp a better comprehension of its achievements. As Frank Willett states in his essay “African Art An Introduction”, “the greater the knowledge, the greater the enjoyment” (pg. 142). After studying the background of each sculpture, it was discovered that the Yungur people long made wood representations of deceased male chiefs, which were used to appeal to each year for good rainfall and bountiful harvests. Similar to Figure 1, many of them were displayed during the pre-planting festivals, as well as at the funerals of important elders as a way of collectively honoring past chiefs and ensuring their…

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