African Americans During The 20th Century Essay

777 Words Aug 15th, 2016 4 Pages
At the start of the 20th century, African-Americans faced extreme hardships in the south. Life for the average African-American was an everyday struggle, as it involved many challenges even well after the ending of slavery. After the abolishment of slavery, many African-Americans remained in the South. The migration movement in was mainly to find better educational opportunities for their children and better employment opportunities for themselves. African-Americans moved out of the southern states to escape the miserable conditions that included low wages, racism and poor education, to seek a better life in the North. African-Americans moved from the South to the industrial North mainly to escape extreme and overwhelming social conditions that were beyond their control which subsequently forced many African-Americans from the South.
The Great Migration was a forceful push for the African-American community throughout the early 1900 's. It was imperative for many African-Americans during these tough times to change their lives for the better by migrating North. The northern states offered better opportunities, from jobs, to education, as well as having no Jim Crow laws. In the book The Promised Land by Nicholas Lemann, he states the effect that the Jim Crow laws had on the South. According to Lemann, "In the late 1880 's Mississippi and the other Southern states, emboldened by Washington’s post-Reconstruction hands-off attitude toward the South, began to pass the "Jim Crow"…

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