Affirmative action, in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women. The policy was implemented by federal agencies enforcing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and two executive orders, which provided that government contractors and educational institutions receiving federal funds develop such programs. The Equal Employment Opportunities Act (1972) set up a commission to enforce such plans.
Affirmative Action was evolved from the civil rights era, 1950’s through 1960 when African Americans fought to live as normal human beings. Dr. Martin Luther King, NAACP, and
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Affirmative Action was enacted primarily for employment practices, especially Government hiring practices, but it was adopted by United States Colleges, military, and private business. Later, other groups claimed to be victims of white male dominance; Native American Indians, Women, and Hispanics. There are many debates about Affirmative Action whether it helps or hurts minorities. Commonweal magazine, a biweekly review of politics, religion, and culture wrote an article claiming Affirmative Action encourages diversity. Affirmative action encourages diversity, bringing together people of both sexes and many different racial, ethnic, and religious backgrounds in the educational system and in the workplace. In fact, affirmative action has so long been associated with its goal-diversity-that the two concepts are often employed interchangeably. Claims that the sole goal of America’s public colleges is to provide the means to individual advancement are faulty; universities have a moral obligation to serve all groups within the society. Clarence Thomas, Supreme Court Justice, who does not support affirmative action. The admissions policies at the University of Michigan’s Law School are unjust. Minorities do not need affirmative action, and little evidence exists to suggest it helps them. Affirmative action not only stigmatizes black people as being