Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics

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ASD affects and influences development into adulthood. Autism is perceived as a diverse disorder that impacts each individual in various ways (Gustein, Burgess & Montfort, 2007). The impacted areas could include language use, communication, behavior, intelligence, and social skills (Agosta et al., 2004; Eikeseth, Smith, Jahr, & Eldevik, 2007; Magiati & Howlin, 2003; Mohammadzaheri, Koegel, Rezaei, & Bakhshi, 2014; Stahmer, 1995; Vismara & Rogers, 2008).
Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics Children with ASD have an increased difficulty with transitions as well as social and communication deficits associated with their disability. Social and communication problems limit the child’s interactions with peers and caretakers, therefore making
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Language intervention can be difficult as it involves social and communication areas, which are challenging for this population (Ganz & Flores, 2007). Individuals who lack functional speech often rely on prelinguistic communication to convey their thoughts and intentions (Ohtake et al., 2011). Prelinguistic communication may include pulling on a hand, tapping someone’s shoulder, bowing their head, and/or clapping one’s hands to convey their meaning (Ohtake et al., 2011). Although some individuals are able to produce spoken words, they may use them in non-conventional ways or not use them at all (Ganz & Flores, 2007). A child, who plays with train toys with his father, may associate the term “train” with father and use the word “train” to refer to his father (Ohtake et al., 2011). Individuals with Autism frequently face communication breakdowns (Ganz & Simpson, 2004; Magiati & Howlin, …show more content…
They often exhibit severe impairment in reciprocal social interaction and communication (Eikeseth et al., 2007). Research signifies that interventions based on applied behavioral analysis (ABA) may facilitate significant gains in intellectual, social, emotional, and adaptive functioning (Eikeseth et al., 2007; Sallows & Graupner, 2005). ABA is a systematic approach for increasing desired behaviors and decreasing undesired behaviors, and it is based upon the principles of the learning theory (Sallows & Graupner, 2005). The primary goal of a behavioral treatment is to improve the level of functioning in children with Autism (Eikeseth et al.,

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