Advantages Of Traditional Policing

1956 Words 8 Pages
Register to read the introduction… Officers would patrol the streets, beats, or jurisdiction to respond to order maintenance issues, prevent domestic disputes, prevent crimes in progress and apprehend criminals. Preventive Patrol has been the backbone of police operations and remains today’s dominant operational policing strategy (Schmalleger, p. 234). On patrol, a police officer makes regular circuits or passes through a specific area called a beat. They may patrol by foot, horses, bicycles, motorcycles, bicycle or even cruise the neighborhoods in their police cars. The main advantage of car patrol versus foot patrol is that it increased efficiency of coverage and the disadvantage is that it reduced contact with the citizens. Studies on foot patrol indicated that these patrols are costly and did not reduce crime. In the 1970s, citizens became fed up with such high crime rates and felt it was senseless for enforcers to keep responding to calls and arriving at scenes of crime and disorder without resolving the problems or having any lasting effect on the lives of the residents of the community (Bohm & Haley, p. 157). Nevertheless, many social changes have occurred over the decades and it has been proven time and time again that traditional policing methods are definitely not as effective in addressing the needs of the communities. Its failures resulted in communities becoming more diverse while problems changed as drugs and violent crimes became more common in urban …show more content…
For example, they may serve food to communities and organize anti-crime rallies to encourage citizen envolvement in crime fighting. This not only makes citizens in the neighborhoods feel safe, but it helps foster the community-policing ideal through which law enforcement officers and members of the public to become partners in controlling crime and keeping communities safe (Schmalleger, p. 245). Additionally, officers are trained to evaluate each individual situation and choose the best course of action for the scenario. This may vary as widely as making a referral to a social welfare agency, drug rehabilitation, or initiating a traditional arrest. Community policing in effect unties the hands of law enforcement, opening up additional resources and options for solving problems of community fear and social disorder while still providing the necessary crime-fighting options of the more traditional professional model of policing. Surveys and statistics have indicated that its popularity is raising among urban police

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