The Integration Of Medical Robotics

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Introduction
Contributing to the healthcare sector is one of the most selfless, essential jobs that an individual can pursue. In the words of modern nursing’s founder, Florence Nightingale, healing others is more than a job, it is an art because “… it requires an exclusive devotion as hard a preparation, as any painter’s or sculptor’s work; for what is the having to do with dead canvas or dead marble, compared with having to do with the living body … it is one of the Fine Arts: I had almost said, the finest of Fine Arts,” (Lee 245). Like every painter or sculptor, medical professionals require tools to perform their art and enhance their skills. As time goes on, technology advances causing new tools to arise and medicine to adapt. One upcoming
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That reality has changed, Neil deGrasse Tyson points out: “With regard to robots, in the early days of robots people said, 'Oh, let 's build a robot ' and what 's the first thought? You make a robot look like a human and do human things. That 's so 1950s. We are so past that.” Furthermore, now robots are machines with sufficient intelligence to perform tasks under human supervision, which are too highly precise, dangerous, or laborious for humans to complete. Due to this, robotics has been transformed into an aid for the American worker in many fields, and you, as a consumer, have been affected by robotics in more ways than you know; robots aid humans in many different fields, for example: assembling car engines, performing complicated surgeries, exploring other planets, and even placing chocolates in boxes that you give to your loved …show more content…
Two main risks threaten healthcare professionals while at work: contamination by toxic IV drugs and exposure to spores, viruses, and bacteria. However, new technologies could lessen the occupational risks associated with a healthcare profession. For instance, robotic systems, which prepare toxic IV drugs or sterilize rooms, are reducing the contamination that healthcare professionals are exposed to. Pharmacy workers must prepare cancer treatment IV drugs, which are considered to be potent toxic drugs, and contamination by these drugs cause adverse health effects. Therefore, it is critical to reduce and/or to eliminate healthcare workers’ exposure to these drugs (Sessink et al. 118). Equipment, such as biological safety cabinets, gloves, gowns and masks, are used to prevent contamination. Despite this equipment, healthcare staff are still contaminated by toxic drugs in hospitals and pharmacies (Sessink 118). Skin contact is the major source of drug exposure to pharmacy and healthcare personnel, which makes this a perfect scenario for robotic intervention (Schierl et al. 7). Both Sessink et al. and Schierl et al. performed experiments on preparing toxic IV drugs, where they compared contamination levels from conventional manual procedures and a new robotic drug preparation system (Sessink et al. 125; Schierl et al. 1).

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