Advantages Of Inductive Reasoning

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Register to read the introduction… Inductive reasoning allows us to make generalisations based on regularities we have held in the past. For instance, scientists use induction to create scientific laws by observing a number of phenomena, finding similarities and deriving a law which explains all things. This kind of reasoning is beneficial, since we do not have to constantly make new assumptions, but instead we can draw on past experiences to work out what will happen in certain situations. However, inductive reasoning goes beyond the immediate evidence of our senses, so we cannot always trust it to be true[16]. We tend to make generalisations too fast and jump to many conclusions. Racist and sexist attitudes can for example be created through faulty and unjustified reasoning. Therefore, reasoning, just like the three previously mentioned ways of knowing, also has its advantages and disadvantages.

In conclusion, we can say that although the different ways of knowing each carry their limitations, they can, to some extent, bring us closer to the truth. As I stated in the beginning of this paper; what we believe to be true ultimately depends on our beliefs. However, ‘real’ truth cannot be altered by our beliefs. The different ways of knowing can, thus, help us view things differently so that we can question our beliefs and eventually reconsider what we believe to be true.
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Cambridge Univerty Press, United Kingdom, 2005, pp. 86
[4] TOK prescribed essay title, no. 7
[5] Lagemaat, Richand van de: Theory of Knowledge – for the IB Diploma. Cambridge Univerty Press, United Kingdom, 2005, pp. 95
[6] Lagemaat, Richand van de: Theory of Knowledge – for the IB Diploma. Cambridge Univerty Press, United Kingdom, 2005, pp. 48
[7] Quote by Ludwig Wittgenstein found on: www.brainyquotes.com
[8] Ibid, pp. 68
[9] Ibid, pp. 69-70.
[10] Ibid, pp. 146
[11] Lagemaat, Richand van de: Theory of Knowledge – for the IB Diploma. Cambridge Univerty Press, United Kingdom, 2005, pp. 151
[12] Ibid, pp. 114
[13] Holberg, Ludvig: Erasmus Montanus. Zauner Grafis AS, Denmark, 2008/1723, pp. 25
[14] Lagemaat, Richand van de: Theory of Knowledge – for the IB Diploma. Cambridge Univerty Press, United Kingdom, 2005, pp. 119
[15] Ibid, pp.

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