In Vitro Fertilization Research Paper

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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a series of procedures used to assist with the conception of a child in couples who may have difficulties getting pregnant on their own. In vitro means outside of the body, the woman’s egg is removed and then fertilized with the man’s sperm in a lab. These procedures are so important for couples who would otherwise have no way of becoming pregnant. With infertility being at about ten-percent, in vitro fertilization is becoming a more utilized method of conception. In vitro fertilization is the method to treat infertility with the highest pregnancy rate. It is important to know about the benefits, risks, history, and the methods used in IVF, when it is becoming increasingly more common. The chance of getting …show more content…
There are five basic steps in the IVF procedure. The first step is stimulation, this is where medicines are given to the woman in order to stimulate egg production. These are gonadotrophins that are injected subcutaneously, the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is in this injection so that the eggs will mature. Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are important in IVF in order to prevent premature ovulation due to FSH. It is important in IVF for the ovulation not to happen early, so that the doctors are able to successfully retrieve the eggs at a planned time. Women will produce several more eggs than normal when receiving these injections. When my stepmother was preparing for her eggs to be removed and implanted into the surrogate, both the surrogate and my stepmother had to give themselves shots every …show more content…
At this stage in the procedure it is possible for the parents to get genetic testing done to the embryo. This is called preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), it is especially used when couples know that they have a high chance passing on a genetic disorder. This testing is one of the most debated parts of IVF, and is the main reason why people would be against the treatment. The idea that parents can have testing done to find out the embryo’s genetic makeup and sex before it is implanted into the woman is controversial, some people believe it goes against “God’s plan”. For this kind of testing a single cell is taken from the embryo about three to four days after fertilization and then tested for a wide range of genetic

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