Advantages Of Circumcision

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Studies that suggested circumcision as an additional HIV prevention method, explained their findings by pointing out some biological research. This research indicated that the keratinized outside of the foreskin protects the penis, however during intercourse when erections occur, the skin gets pulled back and therefore exposes the not keratinized inside skin of the foreskin, which is rich on Langerhans cells (Szabo 2000, p. 1593). This cell is known for being susceptible in acquiring HIV as well as other viruses (Szabo 2000, p. 1593). According to this study circumcised penises contain less Langerhans cells, which decreases the chances of HIV contraction. Others studies from North America and Africa provided further evidence in support of the …show more content…
Although studies showed that circumcision provided health benefits, there has been debates about when would be the best time to circumcise, in consideration of individuals age. Some studies showed that the best time to circumcise is early in men’s life since it brings greater protection against HIV transmission, seemingly due to the thickening of the skin located on the head of the penis (Rennie 2007, p.357). Another advantage of early circumcision is that it avoids future loss of daily life activities such as work and schools (Rennie 2007, p.357). Neonate’s circumcision has been widely debated as it is seen to be an unethical practice that relates to consent. In regards to that it seems to be more appropriate to ask for older children’s consent, especially when it comes to irreversible surgery involving the genital area. The advantages of that age are that the parents or guardians who would like the child to be circumcised are able to influence the choices by informing them about sexuality and HIV (Rennie 2007, …show more content…
Analyzes conducted in sub Saharan Africa concluded that circumcision is not connected to HIV prevention (Green 2010, p.479). The Centers for Disease Control and WHO reports, endorses the previous studies, which states that circumcision does not prevent sexual transmitted diseases or HIV (Sidler 2008, p. 762). In the United States teenagers between the age of 15 years and older have been placed at the highest rate for contracting STDs, compared to any other industrialized country (Sidler 2008, p. 762). Half of the young population will contact STDs by the time they turn 25 years old, despite two thirds of young adults being circumcised (Sidler 2008, p. 762). Such reports indicate that the implementation of circumcision as a prevention method is not effective. Since this experiment of circumcision prevention has already failed in USA, which is a country with the highest rate of non-therapeutic infant circumcision and also with the highest rate of HIV incidents compared to other developed countries (Green 2010, p.479). Another issue with these studies is they have no relevance for individuals who have sex with the same gender, such as men with men (Green 2010, p.479). There have been

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