Advantages And Disadvantages Of Personality Theories

882 Words 4 Pages
Several different ways can describe personality. However, there are four major theories to help explain personality. The four major theories are psychodynamic, five-factor model, humanistic, and social-cognitive. Those four theories help to understand personality. Each of the four major theories has advantages and disadvantages. Later, we will talk about advantages and disadvantages, but first, it is important to understand each theory.
Sigmund Freud introduced the psychodynamic theory. Freud believed that the mind had three parts: the preconscious, conscious, and unconscious. He theorized that a part of the mind always remains hidden. Freud also believed that the unconscious mind was the most important determining factor in personality. Based on observations that Freud did, he believed that personality could be divided into three parts: the id, ego, and superego. The way the three parts of personality developed and interacted with one another became the heart of his theory. Present in the infant is the id. The id is the first and most primitive part of personality. The id is completely unconscious, amoral part of personality that exists at birth. It contains all the basic biological drives: hunger, thirst, and sex. The id is
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When the conflict gets out of hand disordered behavior arises. Another disadvantage would be that he did no experiments to arrive at his conclusions about personality. Also, almost all his clients were wealthy. One advantage for his theory would be the psychological defense mechanisms. Psychological defense mechanisms are ways of dealing with the anxiety through distorting one’s perception of reality. Some defense mechanisms are denial, repression, regression, and projection. The defense mechanisms help to deal with the anxiety caused by the

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