Advantages And Disadvantages Of Panama

2094 Words 9 Pages
Ever since the Spanish settlement in the 16th century, the country has worked as a service economy. In 1821, Panama broke out from Spain and joined Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, calling themselves the Republic of Gran Colombia. When it dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia, and in 1903 along with U.S support it became separated from Colombia. The United States and Panama signed a treaty that allowed the construction of a canal, and that also gave sovereignty to the U.S over a strip of land on either side of the structure. Between 1904 and 1914 the canal was built, and for 63 years the U.S maintained control of it. In 1977 it was officially transferred to Panama. Hans Morgenthau describes international politics as a struggle …show more content…
In the case of panama, the state has several disadvantages due to its geographic location such as: water pollution from agricultural runoff, endangering fishery resources, deforestation of tropical rain forest, land degradation and soil erosion which threatens siltation of Panama Canal, and air pollution in urban areas affects the extraction of natural resources. Another was the environmental cost of building the Panama Canal. In addition to the economic and human cost where thousands of workers died and many people were displaced from their land. This environmental result was negative. Furthermore, many animal species and plants were extinct and an unknown volume of biomass was lost as a result of rainforest destruction. Also, the use of water is the most important resource for the functioning of the canal. Meaning that the water generated by annual rainfall has to be stored, but the deforestation is a threat to maintain the balance of water used for the Panama Canal because the vegetation is now absorbing the water. Another threat is the silation of the Canal from the erosion that if it continues increasing it will prevent some ships from crossing the Canal. Despite these environmental issues that Panama faces, the country has participated and signed international agreements in order to help the environment. Some of them are: Biodiversity, Climate …show more content…
The major buyers were the U.S, Germany, Costa Rica, Sweden and Belgium. Panama imported $3.4 billion in goods in 2000. Manufactured goods accounted for 73% of imports, fuels were 12 percent and food 12 percent. Sellers were the U.S, Ecuador, Japan and Mexico.
Panama is trying to balance economic development with environmental protection. Sadly, the Panamanian government can do a poor job in protecting the natural areas, and watchdog agencies lack real power to do anything about it. However, there is a growing environmental movement in Panama, where citizens have begun to realize the importance of their forests, coasts and rivers. This will have a great influence in the country’s future. (Anywhere)
Although Panama is bordered by two oceans and has countless rivers and streams winding across its land, some of the water is still polluted and in need of protection. This can be primarily attributed to the contamination from the ships that crosses the Canal.
Panama has limited access to natural source of energy, and has made one of it’s main geopolitical concern how to get energy sources and what must be exchanged for that

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