According to the United Nations about 21 000 people die each day due to hunger or hunger related problems. With genetically modified foods we will be able to increase the yield of crops in hunger stricken countries, improve their resistance to diseases and insects and increase their nutritional value.
Advantages disadvantages of GM foods
Some advantages of genetically modified foods include: a higher yield of crops per hectare, this means that we put a lesser strain on the environment in order to meet our agricultural needs. The GM foods also has more nutritional value which aids in combatting malnutrition in less developed countries. Insect/pest resistance also increases drastically, according to the Nuffield Council …show more content…
In order to produce GM soya beans you must find the trait that you want from another plant. Then you work on isolating the gene that you need. Now that you have your 2 genes you can insert the DNA into the host plant using a biolistic that fires a metal particle coated with the trait gene. Then you place the seedlings into a growth chamber gauntlet where they are tested for drought, salt and pest tolerance. If they passed the tests the seedlings are then planted. The goal here is to grow better crops that require less space, water and nutrients. While they grow you can observe if the plants express the wanted …show more content…
The first is isolating the soil bacterium Bacillius thiurengensis in a lab. In the lab the specific DNA code which makes up (for example the protein coded by the gene) cry 1Ab is copied. The gene is then modified slightly to work with the corn plant. The corn is now modified however from the lab the corn must be crossed with the farmers top performance corn in order to increase yield.
Benefits of modifying these crops
With these new modified crops governments will be able to grow more food for its citizens at a lower cost, allowing them to feed their entire population or even sell to less developed countries in order to help combat hunger. Crops with higher yields means that more food is grown and this surplus can be stored or distributed to those who need it. These GM foods are also more resistant to the environment and pests allowing them grow in places that were previously unsuited for them. An example would be growing a drought resistant crop in sub-Saharan Africa where water is scarce and hunger is