Advantages And Disadvantages Of Contraception

Superior Essays
Different Methods of Contraception How it works Advantages of Contraception Disadvantages of Contraception How effective is it against Contraception How effective is it protecting you against HIV
Natural Family Planning (Rhythm method) A menstrual calendar is used to predict when the woman will be fertile and when she is less at risk of fertilization taking place. It also involves the woman taking her temperature regularly. The women can then work out when she must avoid intercourse and when she can have intercourse. • No hormones are taken.1 • It is not always very accurate therefore its not 100% effective.1 It is 80% effective provided that the menstrual calendar and recording of body temperature is done accurately.1 It does not protect
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The spermicide kills the sperm which prevents fertilization taking place. • No prescription is needed and is easily available
• Provides added lubrication3 • Has to be left in the vagina up to 8 hours after intercourse
• Only effective for an hour3 It is 90% effective if applied properly3 It does not protect you against HIV as there is no protection used to prevent this.3

Intrauterine device (IUD)

A plastic T shaped device that is surrounded by a plating of copper wire that contains certain hormones. This device has to be inserted into the uterus by a doctor. The IUD causes a chemical change in the uterus and prevents fertilization from taking place.3 • It is effective straight after insertion
• It lasts up to seven years before needing replacement
• Does not interfere with intercourse3 • You have to go for regular check ups
• Causes longer and heavier periods
• Sometimes may cause STI’s or inflammation of the pelvic region.3 It is 80% effective3 It does not protect you against HIV as there is no protection used to prevent
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It allows women to still breast feed if they are. It thickens the cervical mucus which prevents implantation of the fertilised egg. The pill has to also be taken everyday at the same time for it to be effective.4 • No oestrogen
• Can be used by diabetics
• No delay in future fertility4 • You have to remember to take it everyday
• Can cause irregular periods
• Spotting may occur but stops after a few months4 It is 95% effective if taken correctly4 It does not protect you against HIV as there is no protection used to prevent this4
Injectable Contraception An injection that contains progesterone is injected deep into muscular tissue. The injection provides contraceptive for 8-12weeks. It thickens the cervical mucus which prevents implantation of the fertilised egg. • It is extremely effective
• Reduces the risk ovarian cysts
• No oestrogen
• No effect on blood pressure and clotting of blood5 • May gain weight in the beginning
• Alcohol can effect the effectiveness of the contraceptive
• Falling pregnant after going off the contraceptive may take up to a

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