Students With Disabilities Study

Great Essays
According to recent studies, it has been proven that students with disabilities benefit in various developmental areas when they are included in classrooms with their typically developing peers. In the year Two Thousand, Annette Holahan and Virginia Costenbader conducted a study where they compared the developmental gains of preschool aged children in both inclusive and self-contained classrooms. The study consisted of fifteen matched pairs of students. Students were matched on a variety of criteria including time spent in school, level of functioning, age/gender, and services provided. In each pair, one student was enrolled in an inclusive classroom while the other was enrolled in a self-contained classroom. Inclusive classrooms in this study …show more content…
These researchers believed that human development is influenced by a variety of factors that exist at multiple system levels. These included characteristics of the child, characteristics of the family and the child’s environment. The study they conducted consisted of ninety-six preschool aged children with disabilities attending a community based preschool program in New York State. Seventy-one percent of these students were male and eighty-seven percent of them were Caucasian. The average age of a participant was forty-seven months. (Rafferty, Piscitelli, Boettcher 2003). Seventy-one percent of these students were enrolled in an inclusive program while the remaining twenty-nine percent were enrolled in self-contained settings. In the inclusive setting, there were twelve to eighteen students per room. Sixty-five percent of these students were considered to have a disability. The self-contained rooms offered a much smaller class size of six students, all with disabilities. (Rafferty et. al 2003). To measure student development, researchers used a series of standardized tests. These tests were administered in October and May in order to compare the data before and after participating in either an inclusive or self-contained program. The Social Skills …show more content…
The study followed six students who took part in inclusive early childhood programs. Each of these students was diagnosed with autism according to the DSM III (Strain & Hoyson 2000). Additionally, each of these students met other behavioral criteria to ensure the presence of significant needs in the areas of communicative, adaptive, and social functioning. The participants’ entry scores on the Childhood Autism Rating Scale(CARS) placed them in the moderate to severe range of autism (Strain & Hoyson 2000). Initial scores on the Learning Accomplishment Profile, which provides a systematic method for observing children in assessing individual skill development in gross motor, fine motor, cognitive, and language development, indicated that their rate of development was equivalent to approximately two-thirds of their chronological age (Strain & Hoyson 2000). Using the data collected on these six participants, researchers in this study sought out to prove that social skill intervention should be imbedded in early intervention programs in order to yield the most

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Research Questions: This study is designed to answer the following research questions: What types of involvement parents have? How do different levels of parental involvement influence children’s academic performance? Method Participants Participants in this study would be eighty (80) children from the sixth grade at Elly Elementary School in the city of Goleta, CA. Among the participants, five of them would be Asians; forty of them would be Hispanics; four of them would be African-Americans; thirty-one of them would be White students. Female participants would be forty-one; male participants would be thirty-nine.…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Montessori Method

    • 1495 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The first test was called the “metropolitan readiness test”. This test measures overall school readiness. The next test is called the preschool and kindergarten behavior scale. This was used to determine children’s social skills. Lastly is the “FTF-K” (Frankfurter Test for Five Year Olds) test.…

    • 1495 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    “By preschool, we can predict which children will have behavior and learning problems in elementary school, based on their individual characteristics, their parents and the family dynamic” (Vitaro, 2014). Children can undergo academic problems based on different social, emotional,…

    • 738 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    RAD In Children

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages

    This measure can be completed either by the caregiver, teacher, and parent or even by the child himself (Minnis et al, 2013, p. 342). 2. Relationship Problem Questionnaire (RPQ). This is a report that contains 10 item to be filled by the parent and the teacher in the process of screening for RAD symptoms on a child. In this report they are six items which identifies and provide the description for the inhibited RAD behaviors and 4 items which are described as disinhibited RAD behaviors among children (Minnis et al, 2013, p. 342).…

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The emphasis is that cooperative learning improves collaboration and builds positive relations with students. The study was qualitative and included 18 elementary school teachers in grades 2 to 6 from 7 schools, all from the same school district with the teachers being observed in multiple sessions. During the multiple sessions, multiple activities were observed and the findings were documented. Some of the lessons noted degrees of student’s engagement, cooperation, and student performance. The use of cooperative learning varied by the teacher and their years of experience.…

    • 1049 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A. (2013). The impact of using multi-sensory approach for teaching students with learning disabilities. Journal of International Education Research, 9(1), 75. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1433387255?accountid=45049 In this article regarding the impact of multisensory approach, Obaid Sayyed conducts an experiment by reviewing the performance of sixth grade students in mathematics so as to study the effectiveness of multisensory approach on children with disabilities when it comes to learning.…

    • 729 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This report will: • Analyse current research articles and discuss data in relation to each hypothesis • Determine whether the findings of the questionnaires conducted by K-6 students of the Riverina, their parental guardians and teachers either support or dispute other findings • “Contribute to developing pre-service teachers knowledge and professional practice in the AITSL Graduate Standards” Method- Participants The participants are separated into the categories my hypotheses are based on. The demographic is one hundred and ten boys and one hundred and forty one girls aged between 5 and 12, their parents and teachers located in the Riverina. Parenting styles- Two hundred and sixty two parents completed the PAQ-R in August 2014. Data collected from this survey is regarding the focus subject group of children in years K-6. Self-efficacy- Pre-service teachers acquired data from two hundred and fifty one children regarding their self-efficacy levels.…

    • 995 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    All these children had hearing loss measured at more than 80 dB and nonverbal intelligence. They were given sign and reading vocabulary tasks and story comprehension in both languages. By doing so they examined how other factors, such as having hearing parents or a language preference, affected their performance on these tasks. Their reading skills were measured with two tests where they had to read vocabulary and write a story. Vocabulary was assessed by having the child look at a written word on a screen and match it with the correct picture.…

    • 1531 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are many programs that are for young children to be put into so that by the time they start school the children will benefit a lot by fulfilling five goals(US Department of Education).A program called Early Childhood Educator Professional Development. It helps people who work in childhood Education or caregivers working in high poverty communities improve their knowledge and skills (US Department of Education). There are seven projects that are supported under the reading and writing competition that are targeting prereading and prewriting skills of preschool and kindergarteners (US Department of Education) The projects that target preschoolers and…

    • 1351 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In fact, 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (Autism Speaks, 2016) Moreover, to be diagnosed with autism you must show symptoms’ in the following categories: qualitative impairment in social interaction, qualitative impairment in communication restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, and interest and activities (Kuder, 2013). In the article the article “Including Children with Autism in General Education Classrooms: A Review of Effective Strategies” the author 's takes an in-depth look on effective strategies teachers can use in the classroom while working with children with autism. According to the article “antecedent manipulations, delayed contingencies, self-management, peer-mediated interventions, and other approaches that have been demonstrated in the literature to be useful.” However, the author 's emphasis the need for further research on the topic of classroom strategies for children with autism in…

    • 1706 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays