Adult Education : An Organization For Economic Cooperation And Development
Adult education is defined by “the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)” (Tight, 2002, p. 63) as learning programmes that are designed for many different learning stages and requirements that men and women want to partcipate in throughout their life (Tight, 2002). These learning programmes can range from formal to non-formal “as well as education with a collective social purpose” (Tight, 2002, pp. 63-64). This essay will begin by explaining the purpose of adult education in todays present society. The essay will then go on to defining social democracy and neo-liberalism, followed by multiple comparisons of the two theories and their importance in the development and conceptulization of adult education. The essay will then conclude with a personal view on what I believe is the purpose of post-compulsory education and training.
The purpose of adult education is to help people fulfil their democratic right to achieve their potential, whatever that might be, because that leads to society flourishing (Lindeman etc). This is informed by the value of social justice and the assumption that increasing levels of education contributes to increasing equality (bell hooks; Freire). Over time a second purpose has been added and this is the economic one in that adult education and adults need to contribute to the economy by becoming more skilled or educated. This is based on human capital theory’s assumption that higher levels of…