Essay on Adolescent Development

2897 Words Nov 25th, 2008 12 Pages
Introduction

Life has store many surprises for us as we develop throughout our whole life span. Developmental stages are the progress that occurs in humans from the time they are born until they grow old and die. Originally beginning with infants and children, development will subsequently progress into adolescence, followed by adult, and lastly elderly. The development occur in many fields, namely physical, perceptual, cognitive, moral and social.

Adolescence Overview

Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood. It generally refers to a period ranging from age 12 and 19. Adolescence has many psychological and social stages, as well as biological. The beginning of adolescence is usually marked
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131).

Firstly would be rapid gains in height and weight. This spurt typically occurs two years earlier for girls than for boys. Weight gain results from increased muscle development in boys and body fat in girls. “ The peak rate of growth for weight is 12.5 years for girls and 13.9 years for boys” (Sigelman and Rider, 2006, P. 131)

Secondly would be the development of secondary sex characteristics. During puberty, changing hormonal levels play a role in activating the development of secondary sex characteristics. These includes:

• Growth of pubic hair

• Menarche (first menstrual period for girls) or penis growth (for boys)

• Voice changes (for boys)

• Growth of underarm hair

• Facial hair growth (for boys

• Increased production of oil, increased sweat gland activity, and the beginning of acne

Also there is continued brain development. Recent research suggests brains are not completely developed until late in adolescence. Specifically, studies suggest that the connections between neurons affecting emotional, physical and mental abilities are incomplete. This could explain why some teens seem to be inconsistent in controlling their emotions, impulses, and judgments.

Cognitive Development “ Piaget set the beginning of the formal operations stage of cognitive development around age 11 or 12 and possibly

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