Adolescent Cognitive And Self Regulatory Competencies From Preschool Delay Of Gratification
The researchers Shoda, Mischel and Peake in 1990 wanted to see if delaying gratification leads to self-control in adolescence. Specifically, the researchers do this by making the casual claim that psychological conditions can predict differences in individuals (p. 979). To validate this claim, we will be looking at the context of the research study, Predicting Adolescent Cognitive and Self-Regulatory Competencies From Preschool Delay of Gratification: Identifying Diagnostic Conditions, examining variables and analyzing the validity of the experiment.
To conduct the study, researchers measured the difference in wait times between children when a reward was present. To create variability, children were taught different cognitive strategies on how cope with delaying instant reward but the study does not go into depth on what these strategies were. A prior experiment was conducted 10 years before in 1980 that tested the same delay of gratification and questionnaires were mailed to parents of children that participated. The participants were rated based on SAT and ACT scores along with the California Child Q-set. The results of that study were compared to the one conducted by the researchers. The total number who participants in this research study was 185. Out of the 185 participants, there were 103 girls and 82 boys. The median ages of the participants were 4 years and 4 months (p. 980).
Delaying of instant reward or gratification was measured…