Adolescence Case Study

3037 Words 13 Pages
Register to read the introduction… Just as the behavioral decision making model is driven by expectancy value approaches, the protype willingness model is also driven by this same approach. This model associates willingness with a greater tendency to take risks, which is seen in adolescence (Reyna, 2008). According to the protype willingness model there is a reasoned path to risk taking and individuals engage in thinking on their on rather than in a group (Reyna, 2008). Casey and Steinberg’s model are in accordance with this model, because all of their theories are built upon the fact they are all dual- process models. But, Casey’s model suggests that the cornerstone of cognitive development is the ability to suppress thoughts while this is not seen in applied jobs such as in education or mental health (Reyna, 2008). In recent research adolescents have been shown to have enhanced accumbens, which opposes Casey’s model (Reyna, 2008). With concern to Steinberg’s model like Casey’s, also suggests that risk taking increases in adolescence in comparison to childhood and adulthood. Steinberg holds the view that risk taking begins in childhood, but is allowed to occur when the young adult is given more freedom to make bigger mistakes. Reyna proposed the fuzzy trace theory, which suggests that throughout the aging process individuals make decisions opposed to react in adulthood (Reyna, 2008). A key transition occurs during adolescence in which they recognize the risks of making a decision, but emotions come in the way of making the right decision (Reyna, …show more content…
I believe that more studies are needed to accurately see why adolescents are more likely to engage in risky behaviour, but one could infer that the model that makes the best argument is Casey’s neurobiological model. This model examined regions of the brain in detail, and also factored in hormonal changes, which is why I believe it to be the most accurate although more research is needed to elaborate on this model since some of the studies done may not be accurate. For example, with concern to the study Casey’s discussed concerning delay of gratification study, there was too much variability. Their hunger levels prior to the study should have been recorded, as well as their favourite cookie type because these details may influence how likely the children are to control their impulses. But, overall this model did contribute greatly to the field of adolescent risk

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