Administering Medication to Individuals and Monitoring their Affects

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CU2624 Administer Medication to Individuals and Monitor the Effects
1.1 Identify current legislation,guidelines, policies and protocols relevant to the admistration of medications.
COSHH 2002
Medicines Act 1968
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
Misuses of Drugs (safe custody) Regs 2007
Mental Capacity Act 2005
Health and Social Care Act 2008.
2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and side effects.
Pain Killers-Paracetamol, Asprin and Ibuprofen.
These are used for the relief of common aches and pains such as headache, toothache, period pains, fever and symptoms associated with cold and influenza, muscular and joint pains. These medicines are considered over-the-counter medicines and available without the need for
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Serious sidde effects can differ from person to person. Allergic reaction can be mild in the form of rashes or itching to more serious Anaphylactic shock requiring emergency treatment and the use of an adrenalin injection. Symptoms of Anaphylaxis can start with the mild symptoms but rapidly progress into swelling of the lips, eyes and throat, shortness of breath leading to respiratory distress, heart attack/problems and ultimately death. If a persons face starts to swell after medicines have been administered then urgent medical attention is advised.Certain drugs when used in conjuntion with other drugs can cause serious side effects. Always read the leaflet when taking new medication, this gives information on `contraindications` and advise on what to avoid such as alcohol and in some medications certain fruit juices can cause an adverse reaction!
2.4 Explain the different routes of medicine administration.
A, ORAL-Taken by mouth. This medicine type is swallowed and can be tablet,capsule or liquid form.
B, SUBLINGUAL- This is taken under the tongue or to dissolve in the mouth and can be tablet or spray.
C, INHALATION-This medicine is 'breathed' in to reach the lung/respiritory system.
D, TOPICAL-This type is applied to an area to be treated in the form of cream, ointment or gel.Usually applied onto skin but can also be appled to eyes,ears, nose and mouth.
E, TRANSDERMAL-This is medicine applied

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