Adler's Theory: The Key Concepts Of The Adlerian Theory

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Theory:

Adlerian Therapy

Related Theories:

Psychodynamic therapy, Individual psychology, Rudolf Dreikurs, Phenomenology, Time-limited therapy

Major Contributors:

Alfred Adler, Sigmund Freud, Socrates/ Socratic thinking, Social interest theories

Key Concepts:

Inferiority, social context, relationships, birth order, perception, (comm)unity, personality, values, future/ goal oriented, lifestyle, alliance, education, holism

Underlying Philosophical Assumptions:

•Individuals aren’t “product of their situations” but instead are the creators

•A person's feelings, beliefs and behaviors all work together to make each individual unique, but can be affected by where one fits into society and into their own family ( with emphasis on
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Client and Counselor Roles and Relationships:

With adlerian theory, a client would be looking for to gain insight into their own behaviors or responses to situations that happen in their lives. Some of the main questions/concepts clients have to be ready face is how do they maintain their current lifestyle, why they resist changing it, and their private logic. Adlerian theory helps clients focus on their strengths, resources, and positive future oriented thoughts.

In this theory, therapists need to be accepting of the clients and even help them accept/ correct their basic mistakes.Using comprehensive assessment of the client’s lifestyle, family constellation, and how they perceive the world, the therapist acts as a compass in the client's life, doing what is in the best interest of the client, rather than forcing them into a mold or shutting them down.Clients are not seen as “sick” by counselors in this theory but instead are seen as individuals who have been discouraged by the situations they experience. Another important aspect of this theory would be establishing and maintaining a cooperative therapeutic relationship with the
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Second, a therapist would assess the client’s history and beliefs with some focus on birth order, the first 6 years of life, and the nuances a client says during sessions. Next, a client would try to get the client to view a situation from a different “light” or perspective. If the client can see their faulty beliefs and behaviors from “outside the frame” of their perceived problems, then they can finally see why they might want to change them. Finally, the counselor/ client team reorient the clients faulty beliefs and the therapist suggests active steps for a client to take outside of the session. These mechanisms are to help them remember the insights they have just learned in session or in order to continue to learn more about themselves and what they can do positively. Some techniques could be I-messages, story telling, value organizing or scaling, and looking at success/the

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