Adlerian, Cognitive Behavioral, and Solution Focused Brief Therapy

2167 Words Aug 2nd, 2013 9 Pages
Adlerian, Cognitive Behavioral, and Solution Focused Brief Therapy are three major theories that are used today. All three theories have things that make them similar as well as different. Adlerian Theory, founded by Alfred Adler, is stated as a social psychology. The theory is relatively simple, and it puts the responsibility for behavior and success solely on the person. (Seligman & Reichenberg) Adlerian pays considerable attention to social context, family dynamics, and child rearing. This approach is phenomenological, empowering, and oriented towards both present and future. There were two elements of the Adlerian Theory as to why it was not really accepted: (1) If humans can be simply described and understood, I may not be as …show more content…
Clinicians feel that the basic material of treatment is people’s transient automatic thoughts and their deeply ingrained and fundamental assumptions and schemas. Once identified, clinicians draw a variety of interventions to help people test and modify their cognitions. When clients replace dysfunctional cognitions with ones that are more healthy, it enables people to deal more successfully with immediate difficulties. (Seligman and Reichenberg) This is a well-organized, powerful, usually short-term approach that has proven its effectiveness through many research studies. Judith Beck (1995) has summarized cognitive therapy: “In a nutshell, the cognitive model proposes that distorted or dysfunctional thinking (which influences the patient’s mood and behavior) is common to all psychological disturbances.” The purpose of cognitive therapy is to teach people to identify, evaluate, and modify their own dysfunctional thoughts and beliefs. (Seligman and Reichenberg) Cognitive therapists believe that many factors contribute to the development of dysfunctional cognitions, including people’s biology and genetic predispositions, life experiences, and their accumulation of knowledge and learning. Distorted cognitions begin to take shape in childhood and

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