Adivasis, By Ramachandra Guha

Improved Essays
Part B.
B1. Guha argues that the “Adivasis as a whole have gained least and lost most from six decades of democracy and development in India”
Ramachandra Guha in his essay argues that Adivasis are the ones who has gained almost nothing from the development of India after its independence but instead they have been exploited and have lost so much from their lives in the process. He focuses on the tribals of peninsular India who are marginalized invisible victims with other minorities to show how they are socially, economically and politically deprived of their possessions and rights. He gives out the reasons why they are the ones who were targeted in this development process of liberalization and globalization and their basic needs are not
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Arup Maharatna has demonstrated in his book how these tribals are worse off than dalits in terms of literacy rate, poverty line, health facilities, immunization and access to safe drinking water which are the basic enmities. As they constitute of 8% of India’s population which is very less compared to non tribals thus they are the ones who had to pay the price of development. They are displaced in the name of development for mining, dams etc. and on the other hand by the conservationist who believe that tribals are destroying the forest. But in actual, the contractors and the non tribals leaders are the ones who should be blamed for as they not only harass tribals but also destruct the …show more content…
They are lacking behind in the area of political participation and opportunities too. There are dalit political party like Bahujan Samaj Party, leaders like B.R Ambedkar and Mayawati and their decisions has impact on constituencies whereas we can’t hear of any Adivasi leader at national levet, no Adivasi party which shows how they are even alienated and marginalized. They are not even paid attention in the media too. We hear of dalit and muslims cases and how they have been oppressed but the adivasis of this part of remote India doesn’t get much attention. Their problems are not discussed, instead they are the ones who suffers the most when it comes to development process. Maoist and Naxalites are most prevalent in hilly forest regions in these tribal areas and adivasis willingly or unwillingly are forced to pay the price of this insurgents fight with the

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