Adaptive Response And Reaction Of The Immune System Essay
The immune system is the human bodies defense mechanism against any pathogen; the immune system is split into two basic forms namely the innate and adaptive systems and their roles are essential in the immune system (Huether & McCance, 2012). The innate is the rapid, non-specific primary response anti any foreign body pathogen confront, while the adaptive system is the secondary response with added specific line of defense mechanism and both work collectively to eradicate foreign pathogens in the human body (Huether & McCance, 2012). The intent of this paper is to illuminate the pathophysiology and adaptive responses of three diverse diagnoses presented with a mind map related to exudative tonsillitis.
Situation 1: Tonsillitis
The scenario 1 concerned Ms. J, a two years old child who presents with an elevated temperature conversely on and off over the past three days with a painful sore throat, swollen tonsils, 4+ edema, swollen anterior cervical lymph nodes, inadequate appetite, and a fever greater than 101 Fahrenheit. Devoid of additional information such the throat culture, the symptom indicates exudative tonsillitis. Exudative tonsillitis birth with an acute inflammation that triggers vascular alterations and leaking circulating constituents into the tonsils, with advanced inflammation the exudate becomes thicken and clotted (Huether & McCance, 2012). Fever, plasma amalgamation, and leukocytosis are the three principle systemic alterations…