Acute Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Disease Essay

1591 Words May 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Health promotion empowers people to have control and knowledge to improve their health. Several nations collectively devised the Ottawa Charter for Health promotion with the goal of health improvement for all communities by the millennium (McMurray & Clendon, 2015). This essay explores the roles of a nurse for health promotion within the five categories of the Ottawa Charter for sufferers of Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease. The five strategies include Build Healthy Public Policy, create supportive environments, strengthen community action, develop personal skills and reorient health services.

Rheumatic Heart Disease

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a chronic heart disease that is the result of reoccurring or serious cases of Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF). ARF is extremely painful and affects the joints, heart, brain and skin. Once recovered, the joints, brain and skin have no lasting damage, however, the scar tissue and/or swelling of the heart valves results in RHD. ARF develops when the body has an autoimmune response to the bacteria streptococcus. The bacteria is found in mucous and bodily fluids, therefore it is extremely transmissible. In 2012, ARF and RHD sufferers were studied and, of the 470 subjects, 99% were Aboriginal and/or Torres Straight Islanders. These studies were conducted in remote or rural regions as these diseases are rarely experienced in urban communities (Remond, Severin, Hodder, Martin, Nelson, Atkinson & Maguire, 2012). ARF is…

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