Acid rain is a rain that contains a high concentration of pollutants, chiefly sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, released into the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels such as coal or oil .It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure, when the sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, react with the water . The chemicals in acid rain can cause paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and weathering of stone buildings and statues.
Nature depends on balance, but human made the air polluted because of the advanced technology and the different chemical reactions. The different chemical reactions with air and water caused the acid rain. The acid …show more content…
The different human activities and technology are the main reasons for acid rain, it caused the harmful gases and chemicals to release and react with the different gases in the atmosphere to form dangerous acidic. There many sources of the harmful gases caused by human activities such as:
• Generate electricity by burning the fossil fuels (coal): the electric power generators come out with Two thirds of SO2 and one fourth of NOX to the atmosphere.
• Transportation which include Vehicles (buses, trucks) and heavy equipment.
• Manufacturing processes, oil refineries and many other industries release nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide in the air.
2.3. Environmental reactions:
Some rain is naturally acidic with PH level 5.0, but human made it worse and much higher. Normal precipitation like rain can react with chemicals or non-acidic materials in the air or soils to form natural acids. However, if this precipitation becomes too acidic, over time it can damage the trees, soil and make the lakes, rivers acidic which can kill the fish and …show more content…
Research population and sample
Acid rain is considered a big issue that everyone has to be aware of. Because of that, a survey was conducted on 50 students from different universities in UAE to see how familiar people are with the topic of acid rain and its causes and effects.
The survey showed that 85% of people already know that for something to be acidic it must have a pH lower that 7. However, 92% of people didn’t know that clean/unpolluted rain is naturally slightly acidic. 77% of people said that bad human activities is the main cause of acid rain, 12% of people said that forest fires and erupting volcanos are the most important reasons of acid rain while the other 11% said that it is caused by some other reasons. The survey also showed that only 56% of people are aware of the effects of acid rain while 44% of people have no idea about it.
People also suggested some solutions to the problem such as motivating people to reduce the use of transportation, using filters in the industry building and conserving the energy.