Acid Attacks Under Ipc Essay

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Acid attacks are a form of violence against women, where the perpetrator splashes a person or object with acid in order to deface or kill them. Although acid throwing, also known as vitriol age, has been a form of violence known to be committed throughout history, there has been a steep rise in the cases documented in recent years, particularly in certain South Asian countries. Some of this increase has been attributed to better documentation of cases and also to the fact that victims of attacks have begun to report an attack more often. However, there appears to be a substantive increase in the number of acid attacks that are being committed in recent times due to various factors.
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Laws for Acid Attack: Punishment for the Offence of Acid Attack

In India, cases of acid attacks are governed under Sections 320, 322, 325 and 326 of the Indian Penal Code (I.P.C). However, it has been contended that these sections do not suffice for the gravity of an acid attack. Section 326 of the IPC governs cases of voluntarily causing grievous hurt by means of any corrosive substance like acid, and imposes10 years of imprisonment on attackers. However, there have been arguments that the period of punishment is not sufficient, considering the victim’s life-long trauma.

In the landmark case of Marepally Venkata Sree Nagesh Vs. State of A.p 2002 Cri LJ3625, the accused poured mercuric chloride into the vagina of his wife. He was suspicious about her character. The injury led to the wife’s renal failure resulting in her death. The husband was charged and convicted under Indian Penal Code, sections 302 and 307.
The Law Commission had, way back in 2008, recommended to the Supreme Court that a new provision be added to the Indian Penal Code to specifically tackle acid attacks. The National Commission of Women too underlined the need for compensation to victims as well as banning the open sale of acid.
Legal experts cite two laws passed by neighbouring Bangladesh in 2002, which regulate the sale of acid as well as impose strict punishment on offenders, as a model legislation that India could adopt. The Bangladesh law imposes the death penalty or rigorous life

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