Achinstein's Theory Of Evidence Essay
(1) be a theory of support;
(2) be a theory of warrant;
(3) apply to non-ideal scenarios; and
(4) be descriptively adequate.
While (1) requires that a theory of evidence explain the role of evidence as a truth indicator rather than as …show more content…
Achinstein’s two criteria, nonetheless, fall foul of the desideratum (1) insofar as they do not consider the indicative role of evidence. On Reiss 's account, Achinstein’s theory of evidence does not count as a theory of evidence because it fails to fulfil the four desiderata. Despite its partial scope, I recognise valuable insights of Achienstein’s theory. As theories of evidence are purpose-specific, I would suggest that these desiderata instead evidently signify different divisions on the evidential landscape. They can be distinct, but in some areas they may be overlapped; however, a theory of evidence can be situated on some divisions instead of covering all. Meanwhile, a desideratum is to evaluate whether a theory of evidence operates positively in a sense—on its own merits in relation to the criteria it is intended to meet. Achinstein’s theory, in this sense, should be evaluated by the desideratum (2) as alleged in itself. A holism of evidence could be suggested on which basis one could insist that the considerations be taken into account all together as a small leak may sink a great ship. I do not address this issue