Accounting Lease Essay
Source: Solutions Manual t/a Australian Financial Accounting 7/e by Craig Deegan
11.1 Within AASB 117 a lease is defined as: an agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment or series of payments the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time.
11.2 We should capitalise a lease transaction (meaning that the leased asset and lease liability will be placed on the statement of financial position) when substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership pass to the lessee, and the lease payments are deemed to be material. AASB 117 describes the risks and rewards of ownership as follows: Risks include the possibilities of losses from idle capacity or technological …show more content…
(a) if the lessee can cancel the lease, the lessor’s losses associated with the cancellation are borne by the lessee;
(b) gains or losses from the fluctuation in the fair value of the residual accrue to the lessee (for example, in the form of a rent rebate equalling most of the sales proceeds at the end of the lease); and
(c) the lessee has the ability to continue the lease for a secondary period at a rent that is substantially lower than market rent.
12. The examples and indicators in paragraphs 10 and 11 are not always conclusive. If it is clear from other features of the lease that the lease does not transfer substantially all risks and rewards incidental to ownership, the lease is classified as an operating lease. For example, this may be the case if ownership of the asset transfers at the end of the lease for a variable payment equal to its then fair value, or if there are contingent rents, as a result of which the lessee does not have substantially all such risks and rewards.
11.3 If the lease is considered to be a finance lease (also referred to as a capital lease or a financial lease), the