According To Piaget's Four Stages Of Cognitive Development

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According to Piaget’s Stage Theory, there are four stages of cognitive development. These stages are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations. The first stage sensorimotor is the age from birth to two years, preoperational is from two to seven years, concrete operations is from seven to twelve years, and lastly the formal operations is the age from twelve years to adulthood. Each of this cognitive development stage has its own thinking pattern, which is different from the others. However, as someone move from one stage to the other, they gain a new level of thinking pattern and a new view of the world around them, which is certainly better than the past stages. Therefore, the thinking pattern of a three-year-old …show more content…
A three-year-old preschooler has some specific aspects of thinking pattern, which differs him from a nine-year-old student. Some of the major and common aspects of a three-year-old thinking pattern are egocentrism, centration, and irreversibility. Egocentrism simply means self-centered. So, a three-year-old usually relies or believes on themselves rather than relying or believing on others. Talking about centration, a three-year-old tends to focus on a single thing rather than multiple things around them. For example, if a three-year-old sees a toy in front of him and people around him, he will most likely focus on the toy and ignore the people due to the centration. And lastly, irreversibility is one of the main aspects of a three-year-old preschooler. A three-year-old isn’t capable of understanding that something done can be undone again. For example, peek-a-boo is a popular game, especially for the preoperational. When someone hides his or her face, the three-year-old thinks that the person who hides the face is gone forever. However, when he or she shows the face again, the three-year-old gets surprised due to the irreversibility. Nevertheless, a three-year-old preschooler sees the world as images and objects rather than the actual things. Their thinking pattern is very interesting and unique. They aren’t able to use their logic or common …show more content…
By the age of nine years, a child already gets the basic idea of the world around them unlike a three-year-old preschooler. However, a nine-year-old student does have some aspects of thinking pattern in which he or she differs from a three-year-old preschooler. These aspects are conservation, classification, and concrete logic. First of all, conservation includes decentration and reversibility, which is the opposite of centration and irreversibility. A nine-year-old doesn’t only focus on one thing rather he or she focuses on everything around him or her. On the other hand, a nine-year old student has the sense and logic to understand that, something done can be undone again unlike a three-year-old preschooler. Other than the conservation, a nine-year-old gets new aspects of thinking pattern, such as classification and concrete logic. A nine-year-old is able to classify things and tell the difference between things. Also, a nine-year-old student has the ability to use common sense or logic for everything. In other words, he or she knows the difference between right and wrong. Also, he or she has the knowledge the to judge the facts and proofs before making any decision, which is due to the concrete

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