Essay about Abstinence Based Treatment Of Opioid Addiction

2055 Words Jun 30th, 2016 9 Pages
Abstinence-based treatment of opioid addiction utilizes substance abuse therapy, but not medications, to aid in the treatment of addiction to opioids.
Addict is shorthand for opioid addict. For example, the statement “Some addicts abuse heroin” is the same as saying “Some opioid addicts abuse heroin.” The word ‘addict’ derives from the Latin word ‘addictus,’ which means to become a slave (http://bit.ly/20Isq0N).
Addiction is shorthand for opioid addiction. The medical term is opioid use disorder or opioid dependence. Street terms are a monkey on your back, chasing the dragon, habit, and hooked.
Al-Anon, Nar-Anon, and Narateen are support programs for family and friends of substance abusers.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA), and Alateen are vital support programs for addicts both young and old. They follow the Twelve Steps put forth in the 1930s by two recovering alcoholics. Twelve Step support programs advocate for sustained sobriety.
Antidotes reverse the toxic effects of a medication, drug, or poison. Three antidotes we will review are naloxone for an opioid overdose (for example, heroin), flumazenil for a benzodiazepine overdose (for example, Xanax®), and acetylcysteine for an acetaminophen (Tylenol®) overdose.
Arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat (heart rhythm). Methamphetamine, cocaine, and ecstasy (molly) can cause life-threatening arrhythmias. Methadone, an opioid medication, can also cause an arrhythmia.
Benzodiazepines, also called “benzos,” and…

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