Absolutism Vs Confucianism

370 Words 2 Pages
1. Confucius’ philosophy is based on filial piety. This is because when one is loyal and polite to their family first, they are less likely to be rude to others. As being kind and polite is important in Confucianism, an individual should start with being kind to their family. Once they are polite to those that share their blood, they are less likely to be rude to superiors and less likely to ‘stir up a rebellion’.
2. The superior man is one who prefers ‘worthy men’ as opposed to that of women, one who serves his parents, one who tries his hardest, and one who is honest. This gentleman must also be grave and completely sincere. Also, the gentleman must not be hubristic – if he makes a mistake, then he should correct it without fear. It is also mentioned that a gentleman is open to new ideas, helps others achieve good deeds, is righteous, and
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Confucius believed that a good government should be ‘regulated by rituals’, as opposed to by punishments. He believed that if a ruler was loving, dignified and respectful, then he wouldn’t need to resort to violence to make his people loyal. The ideal state should, according to Confucius, “promote the upright, place them above the crooked, and you shall make the crooked upright”.
7. Laozi’s philosophy looked down on rituals and government, and believed that success was internally driven. It also stated that if one renounced their wisdom and righteousness, people would be humane again. In contrast, Confucian philosophy focused heavily on rituals and a strong government. Also, Confucius stated that a gentleman, the ideal person, should consider righteousness his main principle. The contrasting views of these two philosophies show that, in times of great conflict and instabilitys (such as warring times) people look to different ways for comfort. They could look to a philosophy that said that as long as they believed, everything would get better, or they could look at a philosophy that gave them set guidelines for how to

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