Essay on Abortion Through The Lens Of The Kantian Ethics

1331 Words Jul 20th, 2015 6 Pages
Abortion Through the Lens of the Kantian Ethics
The Supreme Court’s ruling in the case of Roe vs. Wade in January 22, 1973 legalized abortion in the United States. However, the local government of every state is given the authority and discretion to set restrictions on the abortion law- “codifying, regulating and limiting whether, when and under what circumstances a woman may obtain an abortion.” (Guttmacher Institute, p.1) At present, 43 states enacted “trigger laws” which declare that abortion may only be legal if it qualifies to any of these two conditions 1) the fetus is not yet viable, and 2) it is medically necessary to preserve the health or life of the mother. Viability is a medical term that refers to the fetus’ ability to live outside the mother’s womb. Most medical institutions define viability as the period covering the first twenty-four weeks of gestation but individual states have different rules as to when abortion must be performed.
In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recorded a total of 730,322 abortions.” (Pazol et al. 1) The exceptions on the criminalization of abortion fueled this increase. According to CDC, about 1.2 million women in America get an abortion annually. This number includes women who got pregnant during their teenage years, who are financially unstable, who are single mothers and who have unwanted pregnancy due to rape, incest or contraceptive failure. This phenomenon heated the national debate as different sectors of…

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